Apostolic Orthodox Church (AOC)

Holy Synod of Saint Athanasius Congregation

In America & The Middle East


The Gift Of The New Testament

People have been convinced that the Old and New Testaments were one book from the Age of the Apostles. The truth is that they were first gathered into one book in the year 1455 in the Gothenburg press in Germany and named the Holy Bible. They are two different books and two different covenants that differ in their theology. The Old Testament is based on Moses’ law, the law of sin and death, while the New Testament is based on Jesus Christ, the Son of God, and His law of the Spirit of life, “For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death”(Romans 8:2.) The priesthood has been changed too from Aaron to Christ, “For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law.” (HEBREWS 7 :12). They only agree that  God, the creator of the universe, is one and omnipotent, with the far big difference in understanding God’s image, nature, and even His commandments.

The comparison between the Two Testaments is obvious and evident in the New Testament. First, in the Gospel of John, chapter one, verse seventeen, we read,”For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.” Second, in verse eighteen of the same chapter, we read,”No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.” Third, In chapter seven, verse thirty-nine, we read, “…for the Holy Spirit was not yet given (i.,e. to anyone), because Jesus was not yet glorified.” Fourth, in the Epistle to the Hebrews, chapter nine, verses eight, eleven and twelve, we read,”….. the Holy Spirit indicating this, that the way into the Holiest of All was not yet made manifest while the first tabernacle was still standing……..”But Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation.  Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption,”(Hebrews 9:8,11,12.) These are simply the keys to the comparison between the Old Testament and Christ and His new covenant to humanity.

The New Testament offered to the whole world Christ’s salvation from the bondage of sin and death, the grace of adoption, and the gift of the new nature, which anyone can attain by accepting and uniting with Christ. Through Christ, we earn the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, the fullness of the truth, His eternal life, and the glorious liberty of the children of God,“ because the creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God,”(Romans 8:21).

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